Shah Jahan Mosque (Woking Mosque) in Oriental Road, Woking, England, is the first purpose-built mosque in the United Kingdom . Built in 1889, it is located 50 km southwest of London.
It was partly funded by Sultan Shah Jahan Begum of Bhopal, as a place for students at the Oriental Institute in Woking to worship. The mosque was designed by architect William Isaac Chambers (1847–1924) and built in Bath and Bargate stone. It was designed in a Persian-Saracenic Revival style, and has a dome, minarets, and a courtyard.
It attracted royal visitors and famous British converts, such as Lord Headley and Marmaduke Pickthall. Until the arrival of Pakistani immigrants in the UK in the 1960s, it was the centre of Islam in Britain. It has also been claimed as the location at which the name ‘Pakistan’ was coined. Among those that visited the mosque were Faisal bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Haile Selassie, Mir Yousuf Ali Khan, Aga Khan III, and Tunku Abdul Rahman